Copernicus Workshop on Climate Observation Requirements

Defining content for the Climate Data Store

A Copernicus Workshop on Climate Observation Requirements was held at ECMWF from 29 June – 2 July 2015.

ECMWF has been entrusted by the European Commission to operate the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). The aim of the C3S is to provide European stakeholders, including public authorities, businesses and citizens, with access to authoritative information about climate change and its impact on society.

One of the first C3S activities is the development of a Climate Data Store which will contain data and information about past, present and future climate in terms of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) and derived climate indicators. The technical requirements and design of the C3S portal for the Climate Data Store was the subject of a separate workshop held at ECMWF 3-6 March 2015.

The Copernicus Workshop on Climate Observation Requirements addressed the observation-based content of the Climate Data Store. The workshop is sponsored by C3S, ECMWF, the FP7 ERA-CLIM2 project and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP).

Workshop description

The aim of the workshop is to help shape the observation-based content of the C3S Climate Data Store (CDS). A major goal for the CDS is to provide open and full access to observations and derived data products spanning the entire instrumental record available for climate applications and services. This includes: 

  • Climate data records from satellites
  • Collections of in-situ climate observations
  • Gridded ECV products derived from observations
  • Input observations for model-based reanalyses
  • Reference datasets for evaluation of models and climate data products

The workshop will address the strengths and weaknesses of existing data collections and products, and identify concrete goals and activities for improving the observational basis for climate services development. Topics to be discussed include:

  • Data rescue activities for in-situ and satellite observations
  • Best practices in homogenisation and data reprocessing
  • Metadata, traceability and transparency of climate data products
  • Best practices for uncertainty characterization of climate data products

Outcomes of the workshop will be used to guide the development of the observational component of the Climate Data Store catalogue, and to help specify scientific and technical service requirements in this area.

A programme featuring invited speakers and ample time for discussion is being developed by the Scientific Organising Committee:

Erik Andersson, ECMWF (Chair)

Otis Brown, WCRP Data Advisory Council (WDAC)

Dick Dee, ECMWF

Mark Dowell, EC/JRC

Jörg Schulz, EUMETSAT

Adrian Simmons, GCOS

David Tan, ECMWF

Working groups

PDF iconSeed questions for the working groups



Welcome/Copernicus Climate Change Service overview
Jean-Noël Thépaut, ECMWF

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Outcomes of the CDS Technical Infrastruture Workshop
Baudouin Raoult, ECMWF
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GCOS perspective on observation requirements
Carolin Richter, GCOS
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Requirements from a climate policy perspective
Alfonso Gutierrez, DG-CLIMA
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Requirements from water resource management
Jutta Thielen, JRC
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Requirements from renewable energy applications
Virginie Dordonnat, RTE
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Requirements from agriculture applications
Nadine Gobron, JRC
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Historic weather observations for global reanalysis
Phil Jones, UEA
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Near-surface observations for coupled atmosphere-ocean reanalysis
Patrick Laloyaux, ECMWF
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Reanalysis requirements for satellite data
Shinya Kobayashi, JMA
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Terrestrial observation requirements for reanalysis of the carbon cycle
Richard Engelen, ECMWF
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Oceanic observation requirements for biogeochemistry
Shubha Sathyendranath, PML
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Observation requirements for regional reanalysis
Richard Renshaw, MetOffice
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Observations for model verification/validation
Peter Gleckler, WDAC & PCMDI/LLNL
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Requirements & challenges for in situ data rescue and homogenization
Stefan Brönnimann, U.Bern
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Practice in international data collection and harmonization
Matt Menne, NOAA-NCDC
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The International Data Rescue (I-DARE) Portal
Peter Siegmund, KNMI
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Satellite-based ECV products
Roger Saunders, MetOffice
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In situ-based ECV products
Nick Rayner, MetOffice Hadley Centre
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High-resolution regional observations and products
Albert Klein-Tank, KNMI
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Protocols for assessing quality of observational datasets
Jan-Peter Muller, UCL
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System maturity assessment
Jörg Schulz, EUMETSAT
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Making the transition from research exercises to operational life cycles for ECV product generation
Pascal Lecomte, ESA
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Provision of and access to NMHS data
Eric Petermann, EUMETNET
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Observational feedback: what reanalysis tells us about the quality of observations
Paul Poli, ECMWF
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Exploitation of the Sentinels by the Copernicus Climate Change Service
Pierre-Philippe Mathieu, ESA
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Homogenization of Austrian and Alpine time series
Ingeborg Auer, ZAMG
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The ESA GHG-CCI program and the future of GHG observations from space
Hartmut Boesch, University if Leicester
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Evaluating the impact of satellite data on NASA's reanalyses
Michael Bosilovich, NASA GSFC GMAO
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Enhancing availability, accessibility and quality of land-surface/station-based
Manola Brunet, University Rovira i Virgili, Centre for Climate Change
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The Climate Change Initiative Data Access Portal
Debbie Clifford, University of Reading
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Synthetizing, homogenizing, aggregating different parameters observed at ground: the Re-OBS approach
Sophie Cloché, CNRS/IPSL
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Status of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC): data and capabilities Aeronomy
Martine de Maziere, Belgian Institute for Space
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Total column water vapour product from the GOME, SCIAMACHY and GOME-2 instruments
Margherita Grossi, German Aerospace Center (DLR)
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Prospects for tracing the variability of energy flows in atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere
Leopold Haimberger, University of Vienna
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Updating CRU datasets
Philip Jones, UEA
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The role of data standards and data service standards in climate services
Martin Juckes, STFC
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User-oriented evaluation and post-processing of global and regional reanalysis
Frank Kaspar, Deutscher Wetterdienst
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The Integrated Climate Data Center at the Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg
Stefan Kern, Integrated Climate Data Center
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Gridded ECVs and their use in Alpine region - experience from a national data provider
Heike Kunz, Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss
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Creation of homogenized and harmonized gridded dataset for the Carpathian Region for the period 1961-2010
Mónika Lakatos, Hungarian Meteorological Service
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Delivering the sea level ECV, what have we learnt from several initiatives: AVISO, ESA CCI, Myocean?
Gilles Larnicol, CLS
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FIDUCEO - Fidelity and uncertainty in climate data records for earth observations
Rhona Phipps, University of Reading
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A European Research Infrastructure that can serve both Marine and Climate services
Sylvie Pouliquen, Ifremer and ERIC-Euro-Argo
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Presentation of the CMS iNSTAC and field of collaboration with the Climate Service
Sylvie Pouliquen, Ilfremer and ERIC-Euro-Argo
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EU Surface Temperature for All Corners of Earth (EUSTACE)
Nick Rayner (Met Office Hadley Centre)
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UERRA - Uncertainties in Ensembles of Regional ReAnalyses
Richard Renshaw, Met Office
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The EUMETSAT Network of Satellite Application Facilities (SAF Network)
Lothar Schüller, EUMETSAT
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GAIA-CLIM H2020 project: Gap Analysis for Integrated Atmospheric ECV CLImate Monitoring
Jörg Schulz, EUMETSAT
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Satellite-based global Climate Data Records for sea ice concentration, extent and area: contribution from EUMETSAT OSISAF and ESA CCI Sea Ice
Ole Einar Tveito, Norwegian Meteorological Institute
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Building a metadatabase global registry for recovered meteorological data
Maria Antónia Valente, FFCUL-IDL
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The ISTI: Building land surface temperature datasets for the 21st Century
Kate Willett, Met Office Hadley Centre
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The HadOBS database
Kate Willett, Met Office Hadley Centre
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Integration of glacier databases within the Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers (GTN-G)
Michael Zemp, World Glacier Monitoring Service
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Workshop summary and outcomes


Workshop enquiries: