News highlights of 2022

News highlights 2022

ECMWF news highlights of 2022 include forecast data updates; projects and workshops to drive forward weather science; and news from the EU-funded services implemented by ECMWF.

Forecast updates

June 2022 saw two serious heatwaves in Europe, which were followed by another heatwave in July.

European heatwave mid-June 2022 - EFI

In August, ECMWF Director of Forecasts Florian Pappenberger and the Deputy Director of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) run by ECMWF, Samantha Burgess, talked about the cause of European heatwaves and the link to climate change.

Florian Pappenberger and Samantha Burgess

More than 40 people took part in person in Reading and up to 85 participated online at any one time in this year’s edition of Using ECMWF’s Forecasts, dedicated to the key theme of visualising meteorological data.

UEF2022 Ed Hawkins slide on global temperature increase

Ed Hawkins from the University of Reading spoke about ‘Visualising climate change’ during the 2022 edition of Using ECMWF’s Forecasts.

We reviewed how ECMWF and the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) run by ECMWF predict a possible outline of winter weather in Europe.

C3S forecast for December-January-February from November 2022

Driving forward weather science

More than 100 online and 47 in-person participants attended an ECMWF event on model uncertainty in weather forecasting from 9 to 12 May 2022.

Model Uncertainty Workshop May 2022 - main image

Four EUMETSAT Research Fellows are helping ECMWF to fully exploit satellite data for weather forecasting. The data is needed to help establish the initial conditions of forecasts as precisely as possible.

EUMETSAT Research Fellows in February 2022

The four EUMETSAT Research Fellows are (left to right) Samuel Quesada-Ruiz, David Duncan, Francis Warrick and Tracy Scanlon.

ECMWF is testing what needs to be done for the IFS to increase its performance at higher resolutions than those used for today’s operational forecasts, for example as part of the nextGEMS project.

Cracks in Arctic sea ice

A new EUMETSAT geostationary satellite which launched in December will provide more frequent and higher-resolution images than its predecessor and carries a new instrument to observe lightning flashes.

Illustration of MTG-I1 satellite

EU-funded services

The year 2021 was among the seven warmest on record, and Europe experienced a summer of extremes, according to findings reported by the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) implemented by ECMWF.

C3S 2021 temperature anomaly

Air temperature at a height of two metres for 2021, shown relative to its 1991–2020 average. Source: ERA5. Credit: Copernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF

As detailed in the European State of the Climate 2021 published in April 2022, in July parts of Belgium, Germany and eastern France experienced some of the heaviest rainfall on record for the region, contributing to severe flooding.

C3S ESOTC 2021 summary: flooding in western Europe

In July 2021, a slow-moving area of low pressure, which drew water into parts of Belgium, Germany and eastern France from an unusually warm Baltic Sea, encountered hills on the Belgium–Germany border, releasing record amounts of rain onto saturated soil.

The 2021 Antarctic ozone hole was relatively big and long-lasting, the EU-funded Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) run by ECMWF found.

The ozone hole at one point during 2021

ECMWF extended the quality monitoring of observations used by the CAMS global forecasting system by adding an automatic alert system.

Cogs to symbolise CAMS automatic alert system

Representatives of the European Space Agency (ESA), EUMETSAT, ECMWF and the European Commission came together virtually on 30 March 2022 to inaugurate Destination Earth (DestinE), an ambitious initiative to develop a highly accurate digital twin of our planet.

Peter Bauer at the launch of the Destination Earth initiative on 30 March 2022

ECMWF’s Director of Destination Earth, Peter Bauer, gave a presentation at the European Commission’s event to launch the initiative.

In September, we put the spotlight on ECMWF’s contribution to Destination Earth.

And a new hydrological reanalysis dataset of the Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS) has been produced by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission in collaboration with ECMWF.

Mean daily river discharge 1980-2019 in GloFAS v4.0 reanalysis

Other news articles

More reports can be found on the News page of the ECMWF website. For more developments on the Copernicus services run by ECMWF, consult the news pages of C3S and CAMS, and more DestinE articles can be found in the ‘News and events in brief’ section of the DestinE website.