Governance

Convention and Protocol

Convention establishing the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts with protocol on privileges and immunities

ECMWF is an intergovernmental organisation established by a Convention that came into force on 1 November 1975.

At its 62nd (extraordinary) session on 22 April 2005, the ECMWF Council unanimously adopted amendments to the Convention (including amendments to the Protocol on Privileges and Immunities) in form of an Amending Protocol. The amendments to the Convention entered in force on 6 June 2010.

The following official translations of the Convention (including the Protocol on Privileges and Immunities), the Amending Protocol and the original Convention (including the original Protocol on Privileges and Immunities) are available:

Language
Convention and Protocol on Privileges and Immunities
Amending Protocol
Original Convention and Protocol on Privileges and Immunities
Croatian

Danish
Dutch
English
Finnish
French
German
Greek
Icelandic
Italian
Irish
Norwegian
Portuguese
Serbian
   
Slovenian
Spanish
Swedish
Turkish
 

The original Convention was ratified by the following Member States: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia*.

Thereafter, additional States acceded to the Convention with effect from the dates listed below:

Portugal 1 January 1976
Turkey 1 May 1976
Greece 1 September 1976
Italy 1 September 1977
Norway 1 January 1989
Luxembourg 1 July 2002
Iceland 1 June 2011
Slovenia 1 December 2012
Serbia 1 January 2015
Croatia   1 January 2016

ECMWF has certain privileges and immunities which are set out in its Protocol on Privileges and Immunities. The Protocol grants ECMWF two important immunities: its property and income is exempt from all direct taxes; and it is immune from jurisdiction and execution. This aligns with principles of international law that no State is meant to be enriched (i.e. to receive taxes) at the expense of other ECMWF Member States who fund the Centre and that no State’s laws should take precedence over the laws of other ECMWF Member States.

PDF icon ECMWF's Status: Arbitration and VAT


* By Council resolution, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ceased to be a party to the Convention on 29 June 2001.

Hosting Agreements

Headquarters agreement between ECMWF and the United Kingdom

Headquarters Agreement

Agreement concerning the premises of ECMWF located in Italy

PDF icon Agreement

PDF icon Supplementary Agreement

Resolutions adopted by the Council

PDF icon Resolution on the location of ECMWF new data centre
Adopted by the Council at its 90th session on 22 June 2017

Resolution on the accession of Serbia to the ECMWF Convention
Adopted by the Council at its 79th session on 20 June 2013

Resolution on the accession of Croatia to the ECMWF Convention

Adopted by the Council on 20 September 2011 (vote by correspondence)

Resolution on the ECMWF contribution to GMES
(adopted by the ECMWF Council at its 75th session on 16-17 June 2011)

Resolution the accession of Slovenia to the ECMWF Convention
Adopted by the Council on 31 March 2011 (vote by correspondence)

Resolution on the accession of Iceland to the ECMWF Convention
Adopted by the Council on 24 February 2011 (vote by correspondence)

Guidelines for the Optional Project: Boundary Conditions for Limited Area Modelling
Adopted by the Council at its 64th Session (December 2005)

Resolution on the request for reimbursement of the purchase price for Keeper's Cottage
Adopted by the Council at its 63rd Session (June 2005)

Resolution determining the use of languages
Adopted by the Council at its 62nd Session (April 2005)

Resolution on the requirement for additional land for the Headquarters of ECMWF
Adopted by the Council at its 56th Session (June 2002)

Resolution on the membership of the Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia
Adopted by the Council at its 54th Session (June 2001)

Resolution on harmonization
Adopted by the Council at its 48th Session (June 1998)

Resolution on Internet
Adopted by the Council at its 44th Session (July 1996)

Agreements with Co-operating States

ECMWF has co-operation agreements with the following non-Member States:

Hungary (1 July 1994)
Czech Republic (1 August 2001)
Romania (22 December 2003)
Estonia (7 November 2005)
Lithuania (20 November 2006)
Morocco (1 December 2006)
Montenegro (5 November 2007)
Slovakia (1 January 2008)
Latvia (30 April 2008)
Bulgaria (12 July 2010)
Israel (28 October 2010)
PDF icon Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (9 February 2011)

Co-operation agreements with international organisations

WMO (1 November 1975)
EUMETSAT (18 May 1988)
ACMAD (11 May 1995)
PDF icon ALADIN/HIRLAM - Use of IFS/Arpege (19 February 1999 - Amended 21 September 2016)
JRC (6 May 2003)
CTBTO (24 June 2003)
CLRTAP (26 January 2005)
ESA (31 May 2005)
Memorandum of Understanding for Joint Liaison Office with European institutions in Brussels (23 April 2010)
RIMES (8 February 2012)
CMA (21 January 2014)
US NWS (23 January 2015)        
PDF icon US NCAR (31 August 2016)        
PDF icon INPE Brazil (1 August 2017)

Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedure

Rules governing the distribution of Centre products

Procedures

Financial regulations

Staff regulations