CAMS Climate Forcing Estimates

Climate forcing, also known as Radiative Forcing, determines the change in globally-averaged temperature change due to the natural or human-induced changes to the energy budget.

The climate forcing estimates of CAMS quantify the climate forcings exerted by changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide, methane, and ozone, and their uncertainties.

ECMWF Reanalysis v5 - Land

ERA5-Land is a reanalysis dataset providing a hourly high resolution information of surface variables over several decades at ~9km grid spacing and covering the period from 1950 to 2-3 months before the present.

ERA5-Land, developed by C3S at ECMWF, has been produced by replaying the land component of the ECMWF ERA5 climate reanalysis. Monthly aggregates of the hourly fields are available.

ECMWF Reanalysis - Interim

ERA-Interim is a global atmospheric reanalysis from 1979, continuously updated in real time. The data products include a variety of surface parameters, describing weather as well as ocean-wave and land-surface conditions. It further includes parameters covering the troposphere and stratosphere, offering a range of 60 pressure levels.

It’s successor is the ERA5 reanalysis from the Copernicus Climate Change Service.

MACC Reanalysis

The Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) Reanalysis is a global reanalysis data set of atmospheric composition (AC), made available by the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS).  The dataset covers the period 2003 to 2012.

The spatial resolution of the data set is approximately 80 km (T255 spectral) on 60 vertical levels from the surface up to 0.1 hPa for the analysed species and 1.125° by 1.125° at the same 60 levels for the other chemical species.