CAMS Climate Forcing Estimates

Climate forcing, also known as Radiative Forcing, determines the change in globally-averaged temperature change due to the natural or human-induced changes to the energy budget.

The climate forcing estimates of CAMS quantify the climate forcings exerted by changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide, methane, and ozone, and their uncertainties.

Climate forcing measures the difference in energy entering and leaving the Earth, caused by a change in the climate system. CAMS provides estimates of the climate forcing of aerosol, ozone and greenhouse gases. e.g. aerosol direct/indirect forcing.

Will be extended
Created by
Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service
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