The European Earth Observation and Monitoring Programme
What is Copernicus?
Copernicus is the European Union (EU) flagship programme on monitoring the Earth’s environment using satellite and in-situ observations. After some years of research and development, a budget for the operational phase of Copernicus has been agreed on by the EU until 2020. Copernicus will thus deliver operational data and information services on a range of topical areas. Based upon these baseline services, many other value-added products can be tailored to more specific public or commercial needs. Economic studies have demonstrated a huge potential for job creation, innovation and growth. Copernicus will also address policy objectives, bringing an essential contribution to the 7th EU Environment Action Programme, which was recently agreed with the aim of “living well, within the limits of our planet”. The information services provided will be freely and openly accessible to users.
The role of ECMWF in the Copernicus Services
From the start, ECMWF has been strongly involved in the development of Copernicus information services. Currently, in addition to being the coordinator of the pilot atmosphere service (MACC-II) and of a precursor of the climate change service (ERA-CLIM2), ECMWF is also involved in the marine and emergency services, by running in particular the computational centre and hosting the information system platform of the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS). These services operate and are developed in a way complementary to the established range of meteorological and environmental services that are operated nationally. The strong involvement of current service providers as well as of key representatives from the relevant academic communities ensures that the Copernicus services can benefit most fully from existing infrastructure and knowledge, and that the Copernicus services are implemented in a manner consistent with the EU principles of complementarity and subsidiarity.
What is the added-value of the Copernicus Services?
- Guarantee of service, providing global spatial coverage
- Near-real time data provided to end users
- Integration of the data (space and in-situ) and analyses
- Global/pan-European approach to Earth monitoring
How does Copernicus help the citizens of Europe?
Copernicus is the concrete realisation of the European idea of providing citizens with new public services on both a European and global scale. By investing in Earth monitoring and observation systems and networks, which monitor and forecast the state of the environment on land, sea and in the atmosphere, we are now better able to understand our planet, protect and sustain our environment and feel more safe and secure.