Implementation date: 1 November 2011 System 3 ceased to be operational, and System 4 became the new operational forecast system. Forecasts from System 4 will be released at 12 UTC on the 8th of each month. System 3 run up to and including February 2012 according to the schedule at the time (release date on the 15th of each month), but once it ceases to be operational its availability is not guaranteed. Access to System 3 data is only available via MARS.
System 4 is based on a more recent atmospheric model version (IFS model cycle 36r4), higher resolution forecasts with a higher top of the atmosphere, more members, and a larger hindcast data set (see Table below). System 4 initial perturbations are defined (as in System 3) with a combination of atmospheric singular vectors and an ensemble of ocean analyses. Atmosphere model uncertainties are simulated using the 3-time level stochastically perturbed parameterized tendency (SPPT) scheme and the stochastic back-scatter scheme (SPBS) operational in the EPS (System 3 used only a 1-time version of SPPT). System 4 uses NEMO instead of HOPE as its ocean component (with the same resolution), with initial conditions generated by the Near Real Time (NRT) NEMOVAR suite instead of HOPE/OI. In February, May, August and November, 15 of the 51 members are extended to 13 months.
Key differences between the operational System 3 and the forthcoming System 4:
|System 3||System 4|
|IFS horizontal resolution||TL159||TL255|
|IFS vertical resolution (TOA)||L62 (0.5 hPa)||L91 (0.01 hPa)|
|IFS model unc stoch schemes||1-lev SPPT||3-lev SPPT and SPBS|
|Fc mem run monthly for 7m||41||51|
|Fc mem ext to 13m (FMAN)||5||15|
|Re-forecast years||25 (1981-2005)||30 (1981-2010)|
|Re-forecast members||11 (7m) / 5 (7-13m)||15 (0-13m)|
A description of the technical aspects of changing from System 3 to System 4 is provided in the Technical description of Seasonal Forecasting System 4.