ERA5 provides hourly estimates of a large number of atmospheric, land and oceanic climate variables. The data cover the Earth on a 30km grid and resolve the atmosphere using 137 levels from the surface up to a height of 80km. ERA5 includes information about uncertainties for all variables at reduced spatial and temporal resolutions.

Quality-assured monthly updates of ERA5 (1959 to present) are published within 3 months of real time. Preliminary daily updates of the dataset are available to users within 5 days of real time.

A preliminary ERA5 dataset from 1950 to 1978 is also available on the Climate data store (CDS) (1959-1978 is superseded by the quality assured dataset).

ERA5 combines vast amounts of historical observations into global estimates using advanced modelling and data assimilation systems.

ERA5 replaces the ERA-Interim reanalysis which stopped being produced on 31 August 2019. You can read about the key characteristics of ERA5 and important changes relative to ERA-Interim.